What  Is Alopecia areata?It’s Cause,Symptom And Treatment of Hair Loss 

What  Is Alopecia areata?It’s Cause,Symptom And Treatment of Hair Loss

What is Alopecia areata ?

Alopecia areata is the medical term for hair loss.This encompasses any type of hair loss,whether it be temporary or more permanent.There are more than 20 types of Alopecia areata and they can broadly be divided into those thatcause scarring and those that are non-scarring.The most common type which affects men is male pattern hair loss.
The female equivalent tends to be female pattern hair loss which develops much more slowly.There are other types of hair loss which are not hormone or genetic dependent and theseinclude those that are autoimmune such as Alopecia areata which is another very common cause ofhair loss.
There can be also be alterations in the hair cycle and telogen effluvium or chronic telogen effluvium causesexcessive hair shedding which can cause thinning and a reduction in the volume of the hair.

How Does Alopecia areata Start / What Are The Cause Of Alopecia areata?

Cause Of Alopecia areata

The presentation of Alopecia areata is very much dependent on the cause.The commonest cause of hair loss is male pattern hair loss and that tends to present in menin their 20s or 30s.Usually they notice recession of their hair over their temples.They may also notice thinning over the crown of their scalp.For women, the commonest cause is female pattern hair loss.
Often women notice thinning on the top of their scalp compared to the hair at the back ofthe scalp.Both these conditions, male pattern hair loss and female pattern hair loss, have a stronggenetic component.However, male pattern hair loss tends to be more strongly influenced by hormonal factors.Other causes of hair loss include autoimmune types of hair loss and the commonest of these isAlopecia areata.
In Alopecia areata patients often notice or are incidentally told they have a single discrete patch of hairloss which is often a patch of bald scalp.In terms of scarring hair loss, patients often get symptoms as compared to patients with non-scarringtypes of hair loss.This can include a stinging sensation or sensation of burning or discomfort and patients mayalso experience tenderness in touch in the scalp.Looking at the scalp, there may be changes such as redness around the hair follicle orindeed larger areas of redness.Often over time, if left untreated, this can progress to a scarring patch of hair loss. where a scar is seen on the scalp.

How is Alopecia areataTreated?

The treatment for Alopecia areata is very dependent upon the underlying cause in the diagnosis.For male pattern hair loss, minoxidil is often a good treatment and tablet options includefinasteride.Women have a few more options for female pattern hair loss.Again, minoxidil can be used with good effect.
How is Alopecia areataTreated

Additionally, hormonal therapy such as the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapies canbe useful.However, it’s important to be aware that some are hair-friendly and some may encouragehair loss.In patients with Alopecia areata it is important to treat the underlying autoimmune cause.
This may be with steroid tablets, steroid creams or non-steroid based creams.Alternatives include light therapy, immunotherapy and tablet treatments to suppress the overallimmune system.There are some newer therapies that are in trial which look very promising.Treatment of telogen effluvium is looking at the underlying cause, identifying it andthen addressing it.
There are a huge number of lifestyle factors that one would consider.In terms of scarring hair loss, treatment is to reduce the inflammation to prevent the scarringfrom occurring.Therefore, early treatment is important.
A variety of creams, lotions and foams may be used on the surface of the scalp but oftentablets that suppress the immune system are needed.As with all treatments and especially so in hair loss, it’s important to balance the risk and the benefit.

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